Vancouver Island's Species - Top Prospects (Based on usefulness, distribution and availability of literature)

This will be an ongoing list of local species on Vancouver island. I will likely create a world map to express their global distribution. I am only focusing on these species, as this is still in the working stages.

Caution
The information presented on this site is provided for educational purposes. Self diagnosis and treatment, without due diligence, could be harmful and is not encouraged. Some information & images may be copyright. Every effort has been made to present the information in the spirit with which it was originally presented. Some data has been omitted for legal and/or practical consideration. There is some data not covered in the scope of this project, including, but not limited to, cell culture and large-dose animal studies. I have made comparisons and links between related species which may later prove erroneous. I have not verified the information for accuracy or authenticity. Many of the plants presented are poisonous, have poisonous properties, or could cause illness through misuse, allergic reaction, drug interactions and/or environmental contaminants. Please use caution and mindfulness when harvesting any species for any use.

Caution Food Other Medicinal


J - Journal searched, B - Book searched

While all hazards should be taken into consideration, plants with the hazard label "Deadly" are especially dangerous and their toxins are not easily degraded or otherwise able to be rendered safe for human consumption. Small doses could be fatal, especially for children, elderly, and those with existing conditions. Please see individual species accounts for more detail.

  1. Abies amabilis - Amabilis Fir [J,B]
  2. Abies grandis - Grand Fir [J,B]
  3. Abies lasiocarpa - Subalpine Fir
  4. Abies Sp. - Hemlock [created]
  5. Acer Sp. - Maple [created]
  6. Acer glabrum - Douglas Maple
  7. Acer macrophyllum - Bigleaf Maple
  8. Achillea millefolium - Yarrow
  9. Achlys triphylla - Vanilla Leaf [J,B]
  10. Actaea rubra - Baneberry [J,B]
  11. Adenocaulon bicolor - Pathfinder [J,B]
  12. Adiantum aleuticum - Northern maiden-hair [J,B]
  13. Aesculus hippocastanum - Horse-chestnut
  14. Alnus rubra - Red Alder
  15. Alnus crispa ssp sinuata - Sitka Alder
  16. Alnus Sp. - Alder [created]
  17. Ambrosia chamissonis - Silver Burweed
  18. Amelanchier alnifolia - Saskatoon
  19. Ammophila arenaria -
  20. Anaphalis margaritacea - Pearly Everlastingf
  21. Apocynum androsaemifolium - Spreading Dogbane
  22. Apocynum cannabinum - Hemp Dogbane
  23. Aquilegia formosa - Red Columbine
  24. Arbutus menziesii - Arbutus
  25. Arctium Sp. - Burdock
  26. Arctostaphylos columbiana - Hairy Manzanita
  27. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - Kinnikinnick
  28. Artemisia Sp. - Mugwort
  29. Aruncus dioicus - Goat's Beard
  30. Asarum caudatum - Wild Ginger
  31. Atriplex Sp. - Orache
  32. Avena Sp. - Oats
  33. Balsamorhiza Sp. - Balsamroot
  34. Bellis perennis - English Daisy
  35. Betula Pendula - European Birch [created]
  36. Bistorta Sp. - Bistort
  37. Blechnum spicant - Deer fern
  38. Boschniakia hookeri - Vancouver Groundcone
  39. Brasenia schreberi - Watershield
  40. Buddleja davidii - Butterfly Bush
  41. Caltha biflora - White mountain marsh-marigold
  42. Calypso bulbosa - Fairy-slipper
  43. Camassia Sp. - Camas
  44. Cardamine Sp. - Bitter-cress
  45. Carex obnupta - Slough sedge
  46. Centaurea montana - mountain bluet
  47. Cerastium Sp. - Mouse-Ear Chickweed
  48. Chamaecyparis nootkatensis - Yellow-cedar
  49. Chimaphila Sp. - Prince's Pine
  50. Cichorium intybus - Common Chicory
  51. Cicuta douglasii - Douglas' water-hemlock
  52. Cirsium Sp. - Thistle
  53. Cirsium arvense - Canada thistle
  54. Cirsium vulgare - Bull Thistle
  55. Claytonia Sp. - Springbeauty [Page Created- genera profiles still needed]
  56. Clinopodium douglasii - Yerba Buena
  57. Collomia Sp. - Collomia/Trumpet-flower
  58. Conium maculatum - Poison-hemlock
  59. Corallorhiza maculata - Spotted coralroot [Page Created]
  60. Cornus canadensis - Bunchberry
  61. Cornus nuttallii - Western flowering dogwood
  62. Cornus stolonifera - Red-osier Dogwod
  63. Corylus cornuta - Beaked hazelnut
  64. Crataegus Sp. - Hawthorn
  65. Crataegus douglasii - Black Hawthorn
  66. Crataegus monogyna - Common hawthorn
  67. Cytisus scoparius - Scotch Broom
  68. Daphne laureola - Spurge-laurel
  69. Datura stramonium - Jimsonweed
  70. Dicentra formosa - Pacific Bleeding Heart
  71. Digitalis purpurea - Common foxglove [Needs editing]
  72. Empetrum nigrum - Crowberry
  73. Epilobium angustifolium - Fireweed
  74. Equisetum Sp. - Horsetails
  75. Eriophorum Sp. - Cotton Grasss
  76. Erythronium Sp. - Fawn Lily
  77. Erythronium grandiflorum- yellow glacier lily
  78. Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
  79. Fallopia Sp. - Knotweed
  80. Fraxinus Latifolia - Oregon Ash [Page created]
  81. Fritillaria Sp. - Fritillary [Page Created]
  82. Galeopsis tetrahit - Hemp-Nettle
  83. Gaultheria shallon - Salal
  84. Geranium robertianum - Herb-Robert
  85. Geum Sp. - Avens
  86. Glechoma hederacea - Ground Ivy
  87. Grindelia stricta - Puget Sound Gumweed
  88. Hedera helix - English Ivy
  89. Helianthus annuus - Common sunflower [Page Created]
  90. Helianthus tuberosus - Jerusalem artichoke [Page Created]
  91. Heracleum maximum - Cow-parsnip
  92. Heracleum mantegazzianum - Giant Cow-parnip
  93. Heuchera Sp. - Alumroot [Page Created]
  94. Hippuris Sp. - Mare's-Tail [Page Created]
  95. Hippuris vulgaris - Common Mare's-tail
  96. Holodiscus discolor - Oceanspray
  97. Honkenya peploides - Seabeach Sandwort
  98. Hordeum brachyantherum ssp brachyantherum - meadow barley
  99. Hordeum jubatum - foxtail barley
  100. Hordeum murinum - wall barley [Page Created]
  101. Hypericum perforatum - Common St. John's-wort
  102. Hypochaeris Sp. - Cat's Ear
  103. Ilex aquifolium - English holly
  104. Iris pseudacorus - Yellow iris
  105. Juncus Sp. - Sedges
  106. Juniperus Sp. - Juniper [Page Created]
  107. Juniperus communis - Common juniper
  108. Juniperus Scopulorum - Rocky Mountain Juniper [created]
  109. Kalmia polifolia - Western Bog-laurel
  110. Lactuca biennis - tall blue lettuce
  111. Lactuca muralis - Wall Lettuce
  112. Lactuca serriola - prickly lettuce
  113. Lamium galeobdolon - Yellow Archangel
  114. Lamium purpureum - Purple Dead-nettle
  115. Lapsana communis - Nipplewort
  116. Lathyrus japonicus - Beach Pea
  117. Leucanthemum vulgare - Oxeye Daisy
  118. Leymus mollis ssp. mollis - Dune wildrye
  119. Ligustrum vulgare - Common Privet [Page Created]
  120. Lilium columbianum - Tiger Lily
  121. Linaria vulgaris - Butter-and-eggs
  122. Linnaea borealis - Twinflower
  123. Lonicera ciliosa - Western Trumpet Honeysuckle
  124. Lonicera involucrata - Black Twinberry
  125. Lotus corniculatus - Bird's-foot Trefoil
  126. Lycopus Sp. - Bungleweed [Page Created]
  127. Lysichiton americanus - skunk cabbage
  128. Lysimachia nummularia - creeping loosestrife
  129. Madia - Tarweed
  130. Mahonia Sp. - Oregon-grape
  131. Malus Sp. - Apple [created]
  132. Maianthemum dilatatum - False Lily-of-The-Valley [J,B]
  133. Maianthemum racemosum - False Solomon's-seal [J]
  134. Maianthemum stellatum - star-flowered false Solomon's-seal
  135. Malus fusca - Pacific crab apple [Page Created]
  136. Malus pumila - Cultivated apple [Page Created]
  137. Marrubium vulgare - Common Horehound [Page Created]
  138. Matricaria discoidea - Pineapple Weed
  139. Mentha arvensis - Field Mint
  140. Mentha spicata - Spearmint
  141. Menyanthes trifoliata - Buckbean [Page Created]
  142. Menziesia ferruginea - False Azalea
  143. Monotropa uniflora - Indian-pipe
  144. Mulgedium pulchellum - blue lettuce
  145. Myosotis Sp. - Forget-Me-Not
  146. Myrica californica - Bayberry
  147. Myrica gale - Sweet gale
  148. Nuphar polysepala - Rocky Mountain pond-lily
  149. Oplopanax horridus - Devil's club
  150. Oxalis Sp. - Sorrel
  151. Oxycoccus macrocarpus
  152. Oxycoccus oxycoccos
  153. Pedicularis Sp. - Lousewort
  154. Persicaria Sp. - Smartweed [*]
  155. Phalaris arundinacea - Reed Canary Grass [-] [Page Created]
  156. Phragmites australis - Common Reed
  157. Physocarpus capitatus - Pacific ninebark
  158. Picea sitchensis - Sitka spruce [created]
  159. Pinus Sp. - Pine [created]
  160. Pinus contorta - Shore Pine
  161. Pinus monticola - Western white pine
  162. Plantago lanceolata - Ribwort Plantain
  163. Plantago major - Common plantain
  164. Plantago maritima - Seaside Plantain
  165. Polygonum Sp. - Knotweed
  166. Polypodium glycyrrhiza - Licorice fern
  167. Polystichum munitum - Sword fern
  168. Populus Sp. - Poplar [created]
  169. Potamogeton Sp. - Pondweed
  170. Potentilla egedii - Coast silverweed
  171. Potentilla villosa - villous cinquefoil
  172. Prosartes Sp. - Fairybells [Created - Further research needed]
  173. Prunella vulgaris - Self-heal
  174. Prunus Sp. - Cherry [created]
  175. Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas-fir
  176. Pteridium aquilinum - Bracken fern
  177. Quercus Sp. - Oak
  178. Rhamnus purshiana - Cascara
  179. Rhododendron groenlandicum - Labrador tea
  180. Ribes bracteosum - Stink currant
  181. Ribes lacustre - Black gooseberry
  182. Ribes laxiflorum - Trailing Black Currant
  183. Ribes sanguineum - Red-flowering currant
  184. Robinia Pseudoacacia - Black Locust
  185. Rosa Sp. - Roses
  186. Rubus discolor - Himalayan Blackberry
  187. Rubus idaeus - Red raspberry
  188. Rubus parviflorus - Thimbleberry
  189. Rubus pedatus - five-leaved bramble
  190. Rubus spectabilis - Salmonberry
  191. Rumex Sp. - Dock/Sorrel
  192. Sagina Sp. - Pearlwort
  193. Sagittaria latifolia - Wapato
  194. Salicornia depressa - maritime glasswort
  195. Salicornia pacifica - American Glasswort
  196. Salix arctica
  197. Salix lucida
  198. Salix scouleriana
  199. Salix sitchensis
  200. Sambucus racemosa - Red elderberry
  201. Sanicula Sp. - Sanicle
  202. Saponaria officinalis - Bouncing-bett
  203. Saxifraga Sp.- Saxifrage
  204. Schoenoplectus acutus - Hard-stemmed bulrush
  205. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani - Soft-stemmed bulrush
  206. Scirpus americanus - American Bulrush
  207. Scirpus maritimus - Seacoast Bulrush
  208. Scirpus microcarpus - Small-flowered bulrush
  209. Scutellaria galericulata - Marsh Skullcap
  210. Scutellaria lateriflora - Blue Skullcap
  211. Sedum Sp.- Stonecrop
  212. Senecio Sp. - Groundsel
  213. Shepherdia canadensis - Soopolallie [**]
  214. Silybum marianum - Milk thistle
  215. Solanum dulcamara - European Bittersweet [*]
  216. Sonchus arvensis - Perennial sow-thistle
  217. Sonchus asper - Prickly sow-thistle
  218. Sonchus oleraceus - Common sow-thistle
  219. Sorbus aucuparia - European mountain-ash
  220. Sorbus scopulina - Western mountain-ash
  221. Sorbus sitchensis - Sitka mountain-ash
  222. Sparganium Sp. - Bur-Reed
  223. Spergula arvensis - Corn Spurry
  224. Spergularia rubra - Red Sand-Spurrey
  225. Spiraea douglasii - Hardhack
  226. Stellaria Sp. - Chickweed
  227. Symphoricarpos albus - Common Snowberry
  228. Stachys Sp. - Hedge-Nettle
  229. Streptopus amplexifolius - Clasping twistedstalk
  230. Streptopus lanceolatus - Rosy twistedstalk
  231. Streptopus streptopoides - small twistedstalk
  232. Tanacetum bipinnatum- dune tansy
  233. Tanacetum parthenium - feverfew
  234. Tanacetum vulgare - Common tansy
  235. Taraxacum officinale - Common Dandelion
  236. Taxus brevifolia - Western yew
  237. Thuja plicata - Western redcedar [created]
  238. Toxicodendron diversilobum - poison oak
  239. Toxicoscordion venenosum - Meadow Death-Camas
  240. Tragopogon dubius - yellow salsify
  241. Tragopogon porrifolius- common salsify
  242. Trillium ovatum - western trillium
  243. Trifolium dubium - Small hop-clover
  244. Trifolium hybridum - Alsike clover
  245. Trifolium pratense - Red clover
  246. Trifolium repens - White clover
  247. Trifolium wormskioldii - Springbank clover
  248. Tsuga Sp. - Hemlock
  249. Tsuga heterophylla - Western hemlock
  250. Tsuga mertensiana - Mountain hemlock
  251. Typha latifolia - Common cattail
  252. Ulex europaeus - Gorse
  253. Urtica dioica - Stinging Nettle
  254. Veratrum viride - Indian hellebore
  255. Verbascum thapsus - Great Mullein
  256. Vinca Sp. - Periwinkles

Seaweeds

  1. Chondracanthus exasperatus - Turkish towel
  2. Dacryopinax spathularia
  3. Desmarestia
  4. Dictyota binghamiae - Mermaid's gloves
  5. Egregia menziesii - Feather boa [Page Created]
  6. Fucus distichus
  7. Halosaccion glandiforme - Sea Sac
  8. Laminaria
  9. Macrocystis pyrifera - Giant perennial kelp
  10. Mastocarpus papillatus - Turkish washcloth
  11. Nereocystis luetkeana - Bull Kelp
  12. Palmaria mollis - Red ribbon/Dulse
  13. Porphyra nereocystis - Red alga
  14. Porphyra perforata - Purple layer
  15. Postelsia palmaeformis - Sea palm
  16. Saccharina latissima - Sugar kelp
  17. Saccharina sessile - Sea cabbage
  18. Ulva lactuca - Sea lettuce

Fungi

  1. Amanita phalloides - Death-cap
  2. Amanita muscaria - Fly Agaric
  3. Boletus barrowsii - White king bolete
  4. Boletus edulis - King bolete
  5. Boletus mirabilis - Admirable bolete
  6. Cantharellus cibarius - rainbow chanterelle
  7. Cantharellus formosus - Pacific golden chanterelle
  8. Cantharellus roseocanus - rainbow chanterelle
  9. Cantharellus subalbidus - white chanterelle
  10. Coprinopsis atramentaria - Inky-cap
  11. Coprinus comatus - Shaggy-mane
  12. Cortinarius sanguineus - Blood-Red Cortinarius
  13. Craterellus cornucopioides - horn-of-plenty
  14. Craterellus tubaeformis - trumpet chanterelle
  15. Galerina Sp. [page created]
  16. Gomphus clavatus - Pig's Ears
  17. Gymnopilus aeruginosus - magic blue gym
  18. Gyromitra - False Morels
  19. Hericium abietis - Conifer Coral Hericium
  20. Hericium americanum
  21. Hericium coralloides - Comb Tooth
  22. Hericium erinaceus - Old Man's Beard
  23. Hydnellum peckii - Strawberry and Cream [*]
  24. Hypomyces lactifluorum - Lobster Mushroom
  25. Inonotus obliquus - Chaga
  26. Laetiporus sulphurous - Chicken-of-the-Woods
  27. Leccinum manzanitae - Madrone bolete
  28. Leccinum scabrum - Common scaber-stalk
  29. Morchella elata group - Black morel
  30. Morchella esculenta - yellow morel
  31. Morchella importuna - northwest landscape morel
  32. Morchella snyderi - Snyder's morel
  33. Panaeolus castaneifolius
  34. Panaeolus subbalteatus - Belted Panaeolus
  35. Paxillus involutus - Poison Pax
  36. Phylloporus rhodoxanthus - Gilled bolete
  37. Pleurocybella porrigens - Angel-wings
  38. Pleurotus Sp. - Oyster Mushrooms
  39. Polyozellus multiplex - Blue chanterelle
  40. Psilocybe baeocystis - Potent Psilocybe
  41. Psilocybe cyanescens - Wavy-capped Psilocybe
  42. Psilocybe pelliculosa - Conifer Psilocybe
  43. Psilocybe semilanceata - Liberty-cap
  44. Psilocybe stuntzii - Stuntzs blue-legs
  45. Sparassis crispa - Cauliflower Mushroom
  46. Suillus brevipes - Short-stemmed slippery jack
  47. Suillus caerulescens - Douglas-fir Suillus
  48. Suillus lakei - Western painted Suillus
  49. Suillus luteus - Slippery jack
  50. Suillus pseudobrevipes - Pine slipperycap
  51. Suillus punctatipes
  52. Suillus sibiricus - Siberian slippery jack
  53. Suillus subolivaceus - Slippery Jill
  54. Suillus tomentosus - Tomentose Suillus
  55. Trametes versicolor - Turkey Tail
  56. Tricholoma magnivelare - Pine mushroom/White Matsutake

Jellies - Jelly Fungi

Fauna with potential benefit as sustainable local food source

  1. Termites
    1. Zootermopsis angusticollis- Pacific Dampwood Termite
    2. Zootermopsis nevadensis- Nevada Dampwood Termite
  2. Oryctolagus cuniculus - European Rabbit
  3. Rattus - Rats (Thoroughly Cook: See rat lungworm disease and plague) (Contamination: Likely not safe to consume animals near human activity)
    1. Rattus norvegicus - Norway Rat
    2. Rattus rattus rattus - Black Rat
    3. Rattus rattus alexandrinus - Alexandrian Rat
  4. Roaches (Contamination: Likely not safe to consume animals near human activity)
    1. Blattella germanica - German Cockroach
    2. Blatta orientatlis - Oriental Cockroach
    3. Periplaneta australasiae - Australian Cockroach
  5. Beetles
    1. Aphodius fimetarius - Scarab Beetle
    2. Dendroctonus ponderosae - Mountain Pine Beetle
    3. Dendroctonus brevicomis - Western Pine Beetle
    4. Dendroctonus murrayanae - Lodgepole Pine Beetle
    5. Polyphylla decemlineata - Tenlined June Beetle
  6. Beach Hoppers (Unknown: No information yet found on this genera)
    1. Traskorchestia traskiana - Beach Hopper
    2. Megalorchestia californiana - California Beach Hopper
    3. Megalorchestia columbiana - Pale Beach Hopper
  7. Amphibians
    1. Lithobates catesbeianus - American Bullfrog
  8. Snails - (Thoroughly Cook: See rat lungworm disease)
    1. Cepaea nemoralis - Banded Garden Snail
    2. Cornu aspersum - Brown Gardensnail
  9. Locusts (Thoroughly Cook: See parasites)
    1. Trimerotropis verruculata - Dark Grasshopper
    2. Melanoplus sanguinipes - Migratory Grasshopper
    3. Melanoplus bivittatus - Two-Striped Grasshopper
    4. Meconema thalassinum - Drumming Katydid; Oak Bush Cricket
    5. Gryllus pennsylvanicus - Field Cricket
    6. Acheta domesticus - House Cricket
    7. Conocephalus fasciatus - Slender Meadow Katydid
  10. Pillbugs
  11. House Fly/maggots
  12. Worms
Other Dangerous Lifeforms of Vancouver Island
  1. Ticks
  2. Widows
  3. Millepedes
  4. Cryptococcus gatti
  5. Rabies Virus
  6. Cougar
  7. Bears
  8. Wolves
  9. Mosquito
  10. Haunta Virus

Substance Monographs

  1. Cardiac Glycosides
  2. Coumarins
  3. Cyanogenic Compounds
  4. Inulin
  5. Oxalates
  6. Protoanemanin
  7. Saponins
  8. Thiaminases

Other Important Pages

 


Page last modified on Thursday, April 19, 2018 11:49 PM