Practical ecological knowledge for the temperate reader. is a body of notes and excerpts taken from a variety of books, journals, and online sources. It's objective is to provide researchers with a quick view of where to begin when looking for utilitarian biota. Emphasis has been placed on looking for similar traits between species, genera, and families. By condensing material from a wide variety of disciplines, it is hoped that a lack of information on related species can be further researched and documented with a hitherto unknown degree of expediency.

Photographs may be used freely unless otherwise indicated. Drawings, range maps, figures and material are property of their respective copyright owners. All information on this site is provided without cost, as pertaining to Fair Use, for educational purposes and public discorse only.

No guarantee can be made as to the accuracy or authenticity of the material. But I do try my best.