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Vancouver Island's Species

This will be an ongoing list of local species on Vancouver island. I will likely create a world map to express their global distribution. I am only focusing on these species, as this is still in the working stages.

Caution
The information presented on this site is provided for educational purposes. Self diagnosis and treatment, without due diligence, could be harmful and is not encouraged. Some information & images may be copyright. Every effort has been made to present the information in the spirit with which it was originally presented. Some data has been omitted for legal and/or practical consideration. There is some data not covered in the scope of this project, including, but not limited to, cell culture and large-dose animal studies. I have made comparisons and links between related species which may later prove erroneous. I have not verified the information for accuracy or authenticity. Many of the plants presented are poisonous, have poisonous properties, or could cause illness through misuse, allergic reaction, drug interactions and/or environmental contaminants. Please use caution and mindfulness when harvesting any species for any use.

Caution Food Other Medicinal


J - Journal searched, B - Book searched

While all hazards should be taken into consideration, plants with the hazard label "Deadly" are especially dangerous and their toxins are not easily degraded or otherwise able to be rendered safe for human consumption. Small doses could be fatal, especially for children, elderly, and those with existing conditions. Please see individual species accounts for more detail.

  1. Abies amabilis - Amabilis Fir [J,B]
  2. Abies grandis - Grand Fir [J,B]
  3. Abies lasiocarpa - Subalpine Fir
  4. Acer Sp. - Maple [created]
  5. Acer glabrum - Douglas Maple
  6. Acer macrophyllum - Bigleaf Maple
  7. Achillea millefolium - Yarrow [printed]
  8. Achlys triphylla - Vanilla Leaf [J,B]
  9. Acroptilon repens - Russian Knapweed [B,DJVU]
  10. Actaea rubra - Baneberry [J,B]
  11. Adenocaulon bicolor - Pathfinder [J,B]
  12. Adiantum aleuticum - Northern maiden-hair [J,B]
  13. Aesculus hippocastanum - Horse-chestnut
  14. Alnus rubra - Red Alder
  15. Alnus crispa ssp sinuata - Sitka Alder
  16. Alnus Sp. - Alder [created]
  17. Ambrosia chamissonis - Silver Burweed
  18. Amelanchier alnifolia - Saskatoon
  19. Ammophila arenaria - European Beachgrass
  20. Anaphalis margaritacea - Pearly Everlastingf
  21. Apocynum androsaemifolium - Spreading Dogbane
  22. Apocynum cannabinum - Hemp Dogbane
  23. Aquilegia formosa - Red Columbine
  24. Arbutus menziesii - Arbutus
  25. Arctium Sp. - Burdock
  26. Arctostaphylos columbiana - Hairy Manzanita
  27. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - Kinnikinnick
  28. Artemisia Sp. - Mugwort
  29. Aruncus dioicus - Goat's Beard [printed]
  30. Asarum caudatum - Wild Ginger
  31. Atriplex Sp. - Orache
  32. Avena Sp. - Oats [printed]
  33. Balsamorhiza Sp. - Balsamroot
  34. Bellis perennis - English Daisy [printed]
  35. Betula Pendula - European Birch [created]
  36. Bistorta Sp. - Bistort
  37. Blechnum spicant - Deer fern
  38. Boschniakia hookeri - Vancouver Groundcone
  39. Brasenia schreberi - Watershield
  40. Buddleja davidii - Butterfly Bush
  41. Caltha biflora - White mountain marsh-marigold
  42. Calypso bulbosa - Fairy-slipper
  43. Camassia Sp. - Camas
  44. Cardamine Sp. - Bitter-cress
  45. Carex obnupta - Slough sedge
  46. Centaurea montana - mountain bluet
  47. Cerastium Sp. - Mouse-Ear Chickweed [J,B - do new journal search]
  48. Chamaecyparis nootkatensis - Yellow-cedar
  49. Chimaphila Sp. - Prince's Pine
  50. Cichorium intybus - Common Chicory
  51. Cicuta douglasii - Douglas' water-hemlock
  52. Circaea alpina - enchanter's-nightshade [B]
  53. Cirsium Sp. - Thistle
  54. Cirsium arvense - Canada thistle
  55. Cirsium vulgare - Bull Thistle
  56. Claytonia Sp. - Springbeauty [Page Created- genera profiles still needed]
  57. Clinopodium douglasii - Yerba Buena
  58. Collomia Sp. - Collomia/Trumpet-flower
  59. Conium maculatum - Poison-hemlock
  60. Corallorhiza maculata - Spotted coralroot [Page Created]
  61. Cornus canadensis - Bunchberry
  62. Cornus nuttallii - Western flowering dogwood
  63. Cornus stolonifera - Red-osier Dogwod
  64. Corylus cornuta - Beaked hazelnut
  65. Crataegus Sp. - Hawthorn
  66. Crataegus douglasii - Black Hawthorn
  67. Crataegus monogyna - Common hawthorn
  68. Cytisus scoparius - Scotch Broom [printed]
  69. Daphne laureola - Spurge-laurel
  70. Datura stramonium - Jimsonweed
  71. Dicentra formosa - Pacific Bleeding Heart
  72. Digitalis purpurea - Common foxglove [Needs editing]
  73. Empetrum nigrum - Crowberry
  74. Epilobium angustifolium - Fireweed
  75. Equisetum Sp. - Horsetails
  76. Eriophorum Sp. - Cotton Grasss
  77. Eriophyllum lanatum - Woolly eriophyllum [B]
  78. Erythronium Sp. - Fawn Lily
  79. Erythronium grandiflorum- yellow glacier lily
  80. Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
  81. Fallopia Sp. - Knotweed
  82. Fraxinus Latifolia - Oregon Ash [Page created]
  83. Fritillaria Sp. - Fritillary
  84. Galeopsis tetrahit - Hemp-Nettle
  85. Gaultheria shallon - Salal
  86. Geranium robertianum - Herb-Robert
  87. Geum Sp. - Avens
  88. Glechoma hederacea - Ground Ivy
  89. Grindelia stricta - Puget Sound Gumweed [Printed]
  90. Hedera helix - English Ivy [Printed]
  91. Helianthus annuus - Common sunflower [Page Created]
  92. Helianthus tuberosus - Jerusalem artichoke [Page Created]
  93. Heracleum maximum - Cow-parsnip
  94. Heracleum mantegazzianum - Giant Cow-parnip
  95. Heuchera Sp. - Alumroot
  96. Hippuris Sp. - Mare's-Tail
  97. Hippuris vulgaris - Common Mare's-tail
  98. Holodiscus discolor - Oceanspray
  99. Honkenya peploides - Seabeach Sandwort
  100. Hordeum brachyantherum ssp brachyantherum - meadow barley
  101. Hordeum jubatum - foxtail barley
  102. Hordeum murinum - wall barley
  103. Hypericum perforatum - Common St. John's-wort
  104. Hypochaeris Sp. - Cat's Ear
  105. Ilex aquifolium - English holly [printed]
  106. Iris pseudacorus - Yellow iris
  107. Juncus Sp. - Sedges
  108. Juniperus Sp. - Juniper [Page Created]
  109. Juniperus communis - Common juniper
  110. Juniperus Scopulorum - Rocky Mountain Juniper
  111. Kalmia polifolia - Western Bog-laurel
  112. Lactuca biennis - tall blue lettuce
  113. Lactuca muralis - Wall Lettuce
  114. Lactuca serriola - prickly lettuce
  115. Lamium galeobdolon - Yellow Archangel
  116. Lamium purpureum - Purple Dead-nettle
  117. Lapsana communis - Nipplewort
  118. Lathyrus japonicus - Beach Pea
  119. Leucanthemum vulgare - Oxeye Daisy
  120. Leymus mollis ssp. mollis - Dune wildrye
  121. Ligustrum vulgare - Common Privet
  122. Lilium columbianum - Tiger Lily
  123. Linaria vulgaris - Butter-and-eggs
  124. Linnaea borealis - Twinflower
  125. Lonicera ciliosa - Western Trumpet Honeysuckle
  126. Lonicera involucrata - Black Twinberry
  127. Lotus corniculatus - Bird's-foot Trefoil
  128. Lycopus Sp. - Bungleweed [Page Created]
  129. Lysichiton americanus - skunk cabbage
  130. Lysimachia nummularia - creeping loosestrife
  131. Madia - Tarweed [created]
  132. Mahonia Sp. - Oregon-grape
  133. Malus Sp. - Apple [created]
  134. Malus fusca - Pacific crab apple
  135. Malus pumila - Cultivated apple [Page Created]
  136. Maianthemum dilatatum - False Lily-of-The-Valley [J,B]
  137. Maianthemum racemosum - False Solomon's-seal [J]
  138. Maianthemum stellatum - star-flowered false Solomon's-seal
  139. Marrubium vulgare - Common Horehound
  140. Matricaria discoidea - Pineapple Weed
  141. Mentha arvensis - Field Mint
  142. Mentha spicata - Spearmint
  143. Menyanthes trifoliata - Buckbean
  144. Menziesia ferruginea - False Azalea
  145. Mitella Sp. - Mitrewort [B]
  146. Monotropa uniflora - Indian-pipe
  147. Mulgedium pulchellum - blue lettuce
  148. Myosotis Sp. - Forget-Me-Not
  149. Myrica californica - Bayberry
  150. Myrica gale - Sweet gale
  151. Nuphar polysepala - Rocky Mountain pond-lily
  152. Oplopanax horridus - Devil's club
  153. Oxalis Sp. - Sorrel
  154. Oxycoccus macrocarpus
  155. Oxycoccus oxycoccos
  156. Pedicularis Sp. - Lousewort
  157. Persicaria Sp. - Smartweed [*]
  158. Petasites Sp. - Coltsfoot
  159. Phalaris arundinacea - Reed Canary Grass [-] [Page Created]
  160. Phragmites australis - Common Reed
  161. Physocarpus capitatus - Pacific ninebark
  162. Picea sitchensis - Sitka spruce [needs images]
  163. Pinus contorta - Shore Pine
  164. Pinus monticola - Western white pine
  165. Plantago lanceolata - Ribwort Plantain
  166. Plantago major - Common plantain
  167. Plantago maritima - Seaside Plantain
  168. Polygonum Sp. - Knotweed
  169. Polypodium glycyrrhiza - Licorice fern
  170. Polystichum munitum - Sword fern
  171. Populus Sp. - Poplar [needs images/drawings]
  172. Potamogeton Sp. - Pondweed
  173. Potentilla egedii - Coast silverweed
  174. Potentilla villosa - villous cinquefoil
  175. Prosartes Sp.- Fairybells [Created - Further research needed]
  176. Prunella vulgaris - Self-heal
  177. Prunus Sp. - Cherry
  178. Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas-fir
  179. Pteridium aquilinum - Bracken fern
  180. Quercus Sp. - Oak
  181. Rhamnus purshiana - Cascara
  182. Rhododendron groenlandicum - Labrador tea
  183. Ribes bracteosum - Stink currant
  184. Ribes lacustre - Black gooseberry
  185. Ribes laxiflorum - Trailing Black Currant
  186. Ribes sanguineum - Red-flowering currant
  187. Robinia Pseudoacacia - Black Locust
  188. Rosa Sp. - Roses
  189. Rubus discolor - Himalayan Blackberry
  190. Rubus idaeus - Red raspberry
  191. Rubus parviflorus - Thimbleberry
  192. Rubus pedatus - five-leaved bramble
  193. Rubus spectabilis - Salmonberry
  194. Rumex Sp. - Dock/Sorrel
  195. Sagina Sp. - Pearlwort
  196. Sagittaria latifolia - Wapato
  197. Salicornia depressa - maritime glasswort
  198. Salicornia pacifica - American Glasswort
  199. Salix arctica
  200. Salix lucida
  201. Salix scouleriana
  202. Salix sitchensis
  203. Sambucus racemosa - Red elderberry
  204. Sanicula Sp. - Sanicle
  205. Saponaria officinalis - Bouncing-bett
  206. Saxifraga Sp.- Saxifrage
  207. Schoenoplectus acutus - Hard-stemmed bulrush
  208. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani - Soft-stemmed bulrush
  209. Scirpus americanus - American Bulrush
  210. Scirpus maritimus - Seacoast Bulrush
  211. Scirpus microcarpus - Small-flowered bulrush
  212. Scutellaria galericulata - Marsh Skullcap
  213. Scutellaria lateriflora - Blue Skullcap
  214. Sedum Sp.- Stonecrop
  215. Senecio Sp. - Groundsel
  216. Shepherdia canadensis - Soopolallie [**]
  217. Silybum marianum - Milk thistle
  218. Solanum dulcamara - European Bittersweet [*]
  219. Sonchus arvensis - Perennial sow-thistle
  220. Sonchus asper - Prickly sow-thistle
  221. Sonchus oleraceus - Common sow-thistle
  222. Sorbus aucuparia - European mountain-ash
  223. Sorbus scopulina - Western mountain-ash
  224. Sorbus sitchensis - Sitka mountain-ash
  225. Sparganium Sp. - Bur-Reed
  226. Spergula arvensis - Corn Spurry
  227. Spergularia rubra - Red Sand-Spurrey
  228. Spiraea douglasii - Hardhack
  229. Stellaria Sp. - Chickweed
  230. Symphoricarpos albus - Common Snowberry
  231. Stachys Sp. - Hedge-Nettle
  232. Streptopus amplexifolius - Clasping twistedstalk
  233. Streptopus lanceolatus - Rosy twistedstalk
  234. Streptopus streptopoides - small twistedstalk
  235. Tanacetum parthenium - feverfew
  236. Tanacetum vulgare - Common tansy
  237. Taraxacum officinale - Common Dandelion
  238. Taxus brevifolia - Western yew
  239. Tellima grandiflora - Fringecup [J,B,lookup journals]
  240. Thuja plicata - Western redcedar [created]
  241. Toxicodendron diversilobum - poison oak
  242. Toxicoscordion venenosum - Meadow Death-Camas
  243. Tragopogon dubius - yellow salsify
  244. Tragopogon porrifolius- common salsify
  245. Trautvetteria caroliniensis - false bugbane [J,B,DJVU]
  246. Trillium ovatum - western trillium
  247. Trifolium dubium - Small hop-clover
  248. Trifolium hybridum - Alsike clover
  249. Trifolium pratense - Red clover
  250. Trifolium repens - White clover
  251. Trifolium wormskioldii - Springbank clover
  252. Tsuga Sp. - Hemlock [Created]
  253. Tsuga heterophylla - Western hemlock
  254. Tsuga mertensiana - Mountain hemlock
  255. Typha latifolia - Common cattail
  256. Ulex europaeus - Gorse
  257. Urtica dioica - Stinging Nettle [printed]
  258. Veratrum viride - Indian hellebore
  259. Verbascum thapsus - Great Mullein
  260. Vinca Sp. - Periwinkles

Seaweeds

  1. Chondracanthus exasperatus - Turkish towel
  2. Dacryopinax spathularia
  3. Desmarestia
  4. Dictyota binghamiae - Mermaid's gloves
  5. Egregia menziesii - Feather boa [Page Created]
  6. Fucus distichus
  7. Halosaccion glandiforme - Sea Sac
  8. Laminaria
  9. Macrocystis pyrifera - Giant perennial kelp
  10. Mastocarpus papillatus - Turkish washcloth
  11. Nereocystis luetkeana - Bull Kelp
  12. Palmaria mollis - Red ribbon/Dulse
  13. Porphyra nereocystis - Red alga
  14. Porphyra perforata - Purple layer
  15. Postelsia palmaeformis - Sea palm
  16. Saccharina latissima - Sugar kelp
  17. Saccharina sessile - Sea cabbage
  18. Ulva lactuca - Sea lettuce

Fungi

  1. Amanita phalloides - Death-cap
  2. Amanita muscaria - Fly Agaric
  3. Boletus barrowsii - White king bolete
  4. Boletus edulis - King bolete
  5. Boletus mirabilis - Admirable bolete
  6. Cantharellus cibarius - rainbow chanterelle
  7. Cantharellus formosus - Pacific golden chanterelle
  8. Cantharellus roseocanus - rainbow chanterelle
  9. Cantharellus subalbidus - white chanterelle
  10. Coprinopsis atramentaria - Inky-cap
  11. Coprinus comatus - Shaggy-mane
  12. Cortinarius sanguineus - Blood-Red Cortinarius
  13. Craterellus cornucopioides - horn-of-plenty
  14. Craterellus tubaeformis - trumpet chanterelle
  15. Galerina Sp. [page created]
  16. Gomphus clavatus - Pig's Ears
  17. Gymnopilus aeruginosus - magic blue gym
  18. Gyromitra - False Morels
  19. Hericium abietis - Conifer Coral Hericium
  20. Hericium americanum
  21. Hericium coralloides - Comb Tooth
  22. Hericium erinaceus - Old Man's Beard
  23. Hydnellum peckii - Strawberry and Cream [*]
  24. Hypomyces lactifluorum - Lobster Mushroom
  25. Inonotus obliquus - Chaga
  26. Laetiporus sulphurous - Chicken-of-the-Woods
  27. Leccinum manzanitae - Madrone bolete
  28. Leccinum scabrum - Common scaber-stalk
  29. Morchella elata group - Black morel
  30. Morchella esculenta - yellow morel
  31. Morchella importuna - northwest landscape morel
  32. Morchella snyderi - Snyder's morel
  33. Panaeolus castaneifolius
  34. Panaeolus subbalteatus - Belted Panaeolus
  35. Paxillus involutus - Poison Pax
  36. Phylloporus rhodoxanthus - Gilled bolete
  37. Pleurocybella porrigens - Angel-wings
  38. Pleurotus Sp. - Oyster Mushrooms
  39. Polyozellus multiplex - Blue chanterelle
  40. Psilocybe baeocystis - Potent Psilocybe
  41. Psilocybe cyanescens - Wavy-capped Psilocybe
  42. Psilocybe pelliculosa - Conifer Psilocybe
  43. Psilocybe semilanceata - Liberty-cap
  44. Psilocybe stuntzii - Stuntzs blue-legs
  45. Sparassis crispa - Cauliflower Mushroom
  46. Suillus brevipes - Short-stemmed slippery jack
  47. Suillus caerulescens - Douglas-fir Suillus
  48. Suillus lakei - Western painted Suillus
  49. Suillus luteus - Slippery jack
  50. Suillus pseudobrevipes - Pine slipperycap
  51. Suillus punctatipes
  52. Suillus sibiricus - Siberian slippery jack
  53. Suillus subolivaceus - Slippery Jill
  54. Suillus tomentosus - Tomentose Suillus
  55. Trametes versicolor - Turkey Tail [B]
  56. Tricholoma magnivelare - Pine mushroom/White Matsutake

Jellies - Jelly Fungi

Slime Molds

Fauna with potential benefit as sustainable local food source

  1. Termites
    1. Zootermopsis angusticollis- Pacific Dampwood Termite
    2. Zootermopsis nevadensis- Nevada Dampwood Termite
  2. Oryctolagus cuniculus - European Rabbit
  3. Rattus - Rats (Thoroughly Cook: See rat lungworm disease and plague) (Contamination: Likely not safe to consume animals near human activity)
    1. Rattus norvegicus - Norway Rat
    2. Rattus rattus rattus - Black Rat
    3. Rattus rattus alexandrinus - Alexandrian Rat
  4. Roaches (Contamination: Likely not safe to consume animals near human activity)
    1. Blattella germanica - German Cockroach
    2. Blatta orientatlis - Oriental Cockroach
    3. Periplaneta australasiae - Australian Cockroach
  5. Beetles
    1. Aphodius fimetarius - Scarab Beetle
    2. Dendroctonus ponderosae - Mountain Pine Beetle
    3. Dendroctonus brevicomis - Western Pine Beetle
    4. Dendroctonus murrayanae - Lodgepole Pine Beetle
    5. Polyphylla decemlineata - Tenlined June Beetle
  6. Beach Hoppers (Unknown: No information yet found on this genera)
    1. Traskorchestia traskiana - Beach Hopper
    2. Megalorchestia californiana - California Beach Hopper
    3. Megalorchestia columbiana - Pale Beach Hopper
  7. Amphibians
    1. Lithobates catesbeianus - American Bullfrog
  8. Snails - (Thoroughly Cook: See rat lungworm disease)
    1. Cepaea nemoralis - Banded Garden Snail
    2. Cornu aspersum - Brown Gardensnail
  9. Locusts (Thoroughly Cook: See parasites)
    1. Trimerotropis verruculata - Dark Grasshopper
    2. Melanoplus sanguinipes - Migratory Grasshopper
    3. Melanoplus bivittatus - Two-Striped Grasshopper
    4. Meconema thalassinum - Drumming Katydid; Oak Bush Cricket
    5. Gryllus pennsylvanicus - Field Cricket
    6. Acheta domesticus - House Cricket
    7. Conocephalus fasciatus - Slender Meadow Katydid
  10. Pillbugs
  11. House Fly/maggots
  12. Worms
Other Dangerous Lifeforms of Vancouver Island
  1. Ticks
  2. Widows
  3. Millepedes
  4. Cryptococcus gatti
  5. Rabies Virus
  6. Cougar
  7. Bears
  8. Wolves
  9. Mosquito
  10. Haunta Virus

Substance Monographs

  1. Cardiac Glycosides
  2. Coumarins
  3. Cyanogenic Compounds
  4. Inulin
  5. Oxalates
  6. Protoanemonin
  7. Saponins
  8. Thiaminases

Other Important Pages


 

Page last modified on Monday, July 16, 2018 8:12 PM